All About Desiccant Dryers

Armani Goens |

All About Desiccant Dryers

As compressors draw air into pneumatic systems, they also take in an amount—however small—of moisture. If left unchecked, this moisture can condense and disrupt the performance of the system downstream. Additionally, it can lead to the corrosion of systems components and growth and buildup of bacteria. Desiccant dryers are one method of avoiding these issues.

Desiccant dryers use desiccant material—specialized drying agents—to adsorb water vapor from process air. They play critical roles in operations that require particularly dry air, such as those of pneumatic systems and scientific instruments.

The following blog post provides an overview of desiccant dryers, including how they work and the types available.

How Do Desiccant Dryers Work?

Desiccant dryers rely on the principle of adsorption, employing drying agents—such as silica gel activated charcoal, and activated alumina—to adsorb moisture from compressed air streams flowing through systems. They are available in several variations, with the two primary classifications being heated and heatless. Both types operate similarly, as outlined below.

  1. Desiccant material is stored in two adjacent towers, a drying tank and a regenerating tank.
  2. The moisture-laden air flows into the drying tower, where the desiccant adsorbs the moisture from the air stream. Heated models use a heating element to raise the air temperature to facilitate moisture removal, while heatless models rely on heat naturally generated by the adsorption process.
  3. Dry air from the first tower transfers to the regenerating tower, where it pulls moisture off the desiccant to prepare it for reuse and then exits the system.

What Desiccant Dryer Is Right For You?

Desiccant dryers are available in several designs to suit different pneumatic system needs. At Energy Machinery, we offer the following types:

DGH Series

The DGH Series from Gardner Denver is a line of highly customizable heatless desiccant dryers. These standard dryers can be easily adjusted to meet the requirements and restrictions of any compressed air application. They offer pressure drops of less than five psi, accommodate inlet pressures of 100 psig and temperatures of 100° F, and come with standard and energy-saving controllers.

DHW Series

The DHW Series from Hankison® is a line of wall-mounting desiccant air dryers. They provide dew points in ISO 8573-1: 2010 Class 1 (-100º F, -73º C) and Class 2 (-40º F, -40º C) while maintaining flow rates of 7–50 scfm, making them suitable for use in applications that require low-pressure dew points.

HHS, HHL, and HHE Series

The HHS, HHL, and HHE Series of heatless desiccant dryers from Hankison features a two-tower system filled with premium-grade alumina. These dryers are available with three different control systems engineered for optimal performance in specific industrial applications. 

HBP Series

The HBP Series from Hankison is a line of blower purge desiccant compressed air dryers. They offer 100% efficiency and are available with heat rated outputs ranging from 10 kW to 70 kW and average full loads ranging from 10 kW to 70 kW.

Energy Machinery: Your New England Compressed Air Specialists

For all of your desiccant air dryer needs, turn to the experts at Energy Machinery. Equipped with almost 50 years of experience providing compressed air systems and supporting products, we can identify and supply the right solution for your compressed air application.

For additional information about our desiccant dryers and other product offerings or assistance choosing one for your facility, contact us today.

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Rotary Vane Compressor

Energy Machinery, Inc. |

Rotary Vane Compressor

An air compressor converts power from electricity, gas, or other sources into potential energy in the form of pressurized air. The pressurized air can be released in a controlled way to provide the kinetic energy needed for its given application.

In principle, an air compressor’s design is relatively straightforward. Air is brought into a chamber by means of intake valves and thereupon pressurized by a reduction in the chamber’s volume. When energy is needed from the compressor, the pressurized air is released via a discharge valve. 

There are several types of air compressors available on the market today. There are three common types of air compressors: 

  • Rotary screw
  • Scroll
  • Rotary vane

 

This blog post will mainly focus on the design and advantages provided by rotary vane compressors. 

What is a Rotary Vane Compressor?

Rotary vane air compressors use centrifugal motion to pressurize the air. They are thus designed quite differently from compressors with reciprocating pistons—instead of utilizing a pumping motion to compress air, rotary vane machines employ a spinning technique.

How Does a Rotary Vane Compressor Work?

All rotary vane compressors come equipped with a cylindrical rotor that is off-center from its housing. This rotor contains several partitions—or walls— that extend outwards towards the housing.

As air is drawn into the housing chamber via intake valves, the rotor spins around in a circular motion. As the rotor spins, its walls squeeze the air trapped between the rotor and the edge of the housing into progressively smaller spaces, which is why the rotor is offset from the center of the housing. This quickly pressurizes the air.

The now-pressurized air is funneled towards a discharge valve where it may be released and used by a manual operator or automated process. The rotor continues spinning, and the cycle repeats to maintain a steady flow of pressurized air. 

Advantages of a Rotary Vane Compressor

There are several advantages provided by rotary vane air compressors, such as:

  • Efficiency. Rotary vane compressors are highly energy-efficient, with their rotors typically spinning at 1,800 rpm or less.
  •  Longevity. Rotary vane compressors are very durable, with some rated for more than 100,000 hours of optimal service.
  •  Flexibility. Rotary vane compressors are extremely versatile, serving a diverse range of industries and applications.

Rotary Vane Compressors vs. Rotary Screw Compressors

Rotary vane compressors are often compared to their closest counterpart, the rotary screw compressor. Each compressor has unique advantages and drawbacks. The following is a brief overview of some key differences between the two machines:

  •  Complexity. Rotary vane compressors are fairly simple machines, both in design and in operation. In contrast, rotary screw compressors are much more complex and sensitive, since they include not one major moving part, but two simultaneously active screws that must perfectly match one another’s movements. 
  • Durability. The rotary vane design is much more durable than the rotary screw, featuring 100,000 hours of service life versus 30,000–40,000 hours for the rotary screw design.
  • Power usage. Rotary screw compressors require continuous turns of 3,000–8,000 rpm, versus 1,800 rpm for rotary vane devices. 
  • Maintenance. Generally speaking, rotary vane compressors require more maintenance than rotary screw machines. For example, many rotary vane compressors require an oil change every 2,000 working hours; this interval between servicing is twice as long for rotary screw machines (about 4,000 working hours).

Rotary Vane Compressors for Sale

At Energy Machinery, we offer an extensive catalog of rotary vane compressors from Gardner Denver and other major compressor brands. We have provided world-class products and exceptional customer service to customers in a broad range of industries for almost five decades. 

If you’d like to learn more about our selection of rotary vane compressors or any other products from our catalog, please contact us.

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Positive Displacement Compressor

Energy Machinery, Inc. |

Positive Displacement Compressor

Compressors are mechanical equipment used in a wide variety of industrial and commercial settings to generate pressurized gas. They compress gas, most commonly air, by reducing its overall volume. The multiple compressor types vary based on the method of compression, power source, and capability to compress specific liquids and gases. In this blog, we’ll discuss positive displacement compressors, how they work, and what makes them different from other compressors.

What is a Positive Displacement Compressor?

Positive displacement compressors take in a higher volume of air per unit of time than they can release. The compressor pulls in air through a relatively larger inlet system, and the gas becomes pressurized while being forced through the smaller outlet. The mass flow rate controls this compression so that operators can compress air at different pressure levels to best suit the needs of various applications.

 

Some different types of positive displacement blowers include:

  •   Diaphragm compressors
  •   Ionic liquid piston compressors
  •   Reciprocating compressors
  •   Rolling piston compressors
  •   Rotary screw compressors
  •   Rotary vane compressors
  •   Scroll compressors

How Does Positive Displacement Work?

At their simplest, positive displacement compressors draw a particular volume of gas into the compressor’s chamber and then decrease the size of that chamber. This action combines with an outlet system that forces the air to remain pressurized as it exits the compressor, resulting in elevated air pressures that operators can adjust and control. Each type of positive displacement blower uses different techniques to achieve air compression. For example, some compressors have pistons that gradually lower to decrease the available space within a chamber, and others have rotary screws that capture the gas at the inlet. 

Some air compressors use oil as a lubricant by injecting it into the air as it’s compressed. However, most positive displacement compressors have oil-free or oil-less designs that don’t require this additional step. Oil-less air compressors don’t use oil at all, while oil-free compressors have lubricated parts that don’t contaminate air within the compressor’s air chamber. However, the lack of oil-based lubrication can result in less efficiency.

Positive Displacement Blowers and Vacuum Pumps

At Energy Machinery, we specialize in supplying high-quality blowers and vacuum pumps that fit each customer’s unique operational needs. Our positive displacement compression equipment includes these blowers and vacuum pumps:

  •   CycloBlower® Industrial Series Positive Displacement Blowers with Vacuum Pump. We offer several different positive displacement blowers with vacuum pump lengths ranging from 19-1/8 inches to 61 inches.
  •   DuroFlow® Industrial Series Positive Displacement Blowers with Vacuum Pump. Our selection of DuroFlow models includes a wide range of series and models to fit our customers’ needs best.
  •   4500 Series Positive Displacement Blowers with Vacuum Pump. Our inventory includes extension model options with different dimensions to suit any system or application requirements.

Positive Displacement vs. Dynamic Compressors

Dynamic compressors are another type of fluid compressor that uses different mechanics from positive displacement equipment. Dynamic compressors work at constant pressure levels instead of changing the fluid pressure between the inlet and outlet. Instead, dynamic compressors have different facial and radial designs, with high-velocity impellers that drive the gas through a diffuser where the air’s kinetic energy becomes static pressure.

 

This mechanism can create high levels of horsepower. While positive displacement compressors are the most common type used in industrial facilities, dynamic compressors (or turbo compressors) may have more value in settings that need extremely high levels of power.

Contact Energy Machinery for Your Next Positive Displacement Systems

Positive displacement compressors ultimately generate higher pressure levels by decreasing the available volume for captured air. The decrease in volume raises the pressure and results in high-pressure air escaping through the outlet. Operators can increase or reduce the capacity to control the fluid’s pressure.

 

If your facility needs positive displacement blowers and vacuums, Energy Machinery is here to help. We’ve offered high-quality supply and support services for nearly 50 years. Contact us today to learn more about our inventory or to place your order. 

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Oil Lubricated Air Compressor

Armani Goens |

Oil Lubricated Air Compressor

An air compressor converts the power from a gas or electric motor into pressurized air—more commonly known as compressed air—and then releases the pressurized air through discharge valves to support a variety of uses.

The basic air compressor design is fairly simple to understand. Air is brought into a chamber by means of intake valves and subsequently compressed, either by means of an up-and-down pumping action (as in reciprocating piston compressors) or a centrifugal spinning action (as in rotary vane compressors).

There are several types of air compressors available on the market today, including:

  • Rotary screw air compressors
  • Scroll air compressors
  • Rotary vane air compressors

When it comes to lubrication, compressors generally fall into one of two categories: oil-lubricated or oil-free. This blog post will discuss oil-lubricated air compressors and provide a comparison between them and their oil-free counterparts.

What Is an Oil-Lubricated Air Compressor?

As the name implies, an oil-lubricated air compressor uses lubricating oil to keep its piston or rotary element free of unnecessary friction and in top operating condition. The oil is also an important component in reducing heat and maintaining energy efficiency within the air compressor.

Oil-lubricated air compressors can be grouped into splash or pressure designs. Splash systems deliver the lubricating oil to the compressor’s moving parts by means of rotating dippers that throw the oil up from a reservoir, while pressure systems utilize an oil pump to deliver consistent lubrication throughout.

Oil-Lubricated Air Compressors vs. Oil-Free

Lubricated and oil-free air compressors each have advantages and drawbacks. The following is a brief overview of the pros and cons associated with each design.

 

Pros and Cons of Oil-Lubricated Air Compressors

  • Oil-lubricated compressors are able to handle higher pressure capabilities than their oil-less counterparts.
  • Generally, oil-lubricated models are more durable than oil-free designs.
  • Lubricated compressors are the preferred choice in working conditions with extreme heat and/or humidity.
  • Oil-lubricated compressors require more regular maintenance to check and/or change the lubrication.
  • Oil-based models are heavier—and therefore less portable—than oil-free compressors.
  • Oil-lubricated compressors ultimately release some oil contaminants into the air.

Pros and Cons of Oil-Free Air Compressors

  • Oil-free compressors are light-weight and more portable than oil-lubricated models.
  • Oil-less compressor models are typically maintenance-free.
  • Generally, oil-free compressors are quieter than oil-lubricated designs.
  • Oil-free compressors don’t have the same high-pressure capabilities as oil-lubricated compressors.
  • They are less corrosion-resistant than oil-lubricated models.
  • Some oil-free models do not last as long as their oil-lubricated counterparts.

Air Compressor Lubricating Oil

At Energy Machinery, we offer a number of lubricating oil products for air compressors, such as:

  • Lubricant AEON®9000SP. This synthetic lubricant/coolant blend is primarily designed for rotary screw air compressors and has been proven to provide superior operational results and service durability.
  • AEON Compressor Lubricants. Our catalog of petroleum-based and synthetic lubricants help to mitigate the compressional friction within rotary screw and reciprocating air compressors alike.
  • AEON Compressor Fluids. These compressor fluids come in a variety of types and sizes to fit specific lubrication needs.

All of our compressor lubricants have been thoroughly tested and proven to yield exceptional results. We are more than happy to help each and every one of our customers find the best product for his specific model of air compressor.

Oil-Lubricated Air Compressors at Energy Machinery

In summary, both oil-lubricated and oil-free air compressors have unique capabilities, advantages, and drawbacks. Whether working with an oil-lubricated rotary screw, scroll, or rotary vane models, it is vital to feed the correct type and amount of oil into the system for best results.

If you are interested in learning more about oil-lubricated air compressors or have questions about our catalog of air compressors and lubricants, please contact us today.

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Positive Displacement Blower

Energy Machinery, Inc. |

Positive Displacement Blower

Positive displacement blowers, or rotary blowers, circulate air by pulling a certain volume of gas into the rotary chamber and then pushing it out. Manufacturing and processing facilities use these blowers for a variety of applications, including aeration, vacuum processing, air extraction, and cleaning. 

There are multiple types of blowers that can provide some degree of air circulation and displacement, including centrifugal blowers and regenerative blowers. However, it’s important to choose the right blower for different applications and energy use requirements.

How Does a Positive Displacement Blower Work?

Positive displacement blowers have two rotating impellers inside its central casing. These impellers—which can have two or three lobes—spin in opposite directions to force air into the blower and apply pressure to the air. The air enters the inlet side of the chamber, which is at atmospheric pressure and traps the air between two rotating impellers inside the machine. The blower then pressurizes and discharges the air to create circulation. The positive displacement process ensures that air cannot return to the chamber and that the airflow is unidirectional.

These blowers have two key advantages:

  1.     They can move large volumes of air.
  2.     The systems are long-lived and straightforward, with relatively few maintenance demands.

Positive Displacement Blowers vs. Centrifugal Blowers

Both positive displacement blowers and centrifugal blowers force air movement. Whereas positive displacement blowers use impellers and displacement to force pressurized air through an outlet port, centrifugal blowers use kinetic energy to increase the speed of air moving through the unit. The unit then slows the air through a diffuser to convert the energy into static pressure. Facilities commonly reserve centrifugal blowers for ventilation, continuous gas transfer processes, and aeration applications.

Regenerative Blowers vs. Positive Displacement Blowers

Just like with positive displacement blowers, regenerative blowers use rotating impellers to draw air into the unit. Regenerative blowers then use centrifugal forces to accelerate the air and capture it between multiple internal blades. The spinning motion pushes the air from the top to the bottom of the blade configuration. Then, the blower pushes the air out of the unit at high speeds. 

Regenerative blowers “regenerate” the air by turning it multiple times and increasing the pressure. These blowers are ideal for environments that need to have oil-free air; the spinning parts are self-lubricating and don’t release oils.

Gardner Denver Positive Displacement Blowers at Energy Machinery

Choosing the right blower type for a given application is essential. Different blowers work best to provide specific levels of pressure or the desired volume of air. Positive displacement blowers can provide a high degree of air volume movement at low-pressure levels. Energy Machinery provides the following positive displacement blowers:

  • CycloBlower: These positive displacement blowers deliver efficient, high-quality, and durable performance. They have shock-free compression, maintain a high-energy efficiency rating, and deliver oil-free air.
  • DuroFlow: The DuraFlow series of blowers have been used for nearly 50 years. These industrial blowers are durable, have a variety of installation and mounting options, and have multiple subtypes, so you can find the PSI levels that meet your needs.
  • 4500 Series: 4500 Series positive displacement blowers are rugged and can handle a wide variety of industrial applications. Each model comes with at-a-glance features and noise reduction options. 

Energy Machinery, Inc. has specialized in providing air compression equipment and excellent customer service for over 45 years. We partner with major manufacturers to deliver the units and replacement parts that meet your facility’s requirements. Along with units and parts services, we also offer engineering services such as:

  • Energy audits
  • Leak detection analysis
  • Compressor room analysis, and more.

Contact our team to learn more about our inventory of high-quality parts and to find the units that will fulfill your facility’s air displacement needs. You can also request a quote to start your order today.

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Refrigerated Air Dryers

Energy Machinery, Inc. |

Refrigerated Air Dryers

Compressed air can be damaging to applications that require moisture-free air. Atmospheric air that enters an air compressor intake contains water vapor.

While in the air compressor, heat from compression and pressurization forces water vapor to condense into liquid droplets.

These droplets travel downstream and can ruin your products, air tools, cylinders, and air motors.

Refrigerated air dryers take the moisture-laden air from the air compressor discharge and lower the temperature condensing the water vapor to water and separating it from the air before it goes downstream damaging product and equipment.

How Does a Refrigerated Air Dryer Work?

Compressed air enters the air dryer at a temperature of around 100F. The air enters an air to air heat exchanger.

In this heat exchanger, the incoming air is pre-cooled by the outgoing cold air. The air then enters a refrigerant to air heat exchanger which cools the air to around 35F.

At this lower temperature, the moisture in the air is condensed and separated out of the air and is expelled from the unit.

Lastly, the air travels through the previously mentioned air to air heat exchanger allowing the incoming warm air to reheat the colder air leaving the air dryer.

The compressed air leaving the dryer has a pressure dew point between 35°F to 50°F.

2 Types of Refrigerated Air Dryers

  1. Non-cycling
  2. Cycling

Non-cycling refrigerated dryers

Non-cycling refrigerated air dryers operate with the refrigeration compressor running continuously, regardless of the inlet load.

Minimal energy savings is realized from 100% down to 0% inlet air load.

Cycling Dryers

Cycling refrigerated air dryers automatically cycle the refrigeration compressor on and off in response to inlet load conditions as the inlet air load is reduced the refrigeration compressor cycles off, providing energy savings.

This is done through some type of thermal mass that holds the temperature once the air compressor cycles off.

Contact Us for Your Application

Need help deciding on the best one for your application? Contact us today and a product expert will get back to you immediately!

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Variable Speed Compressors

Energy Machinery, Inc. |

Variable Speed Compressors

Rotary screw air compressors controlled by VSDs (variable speed drives) are one of the best energy efficient industrial innovation introduced in the past few years.

The style of air compressor control can reduce energy wasted by compressors running in the unloaded condition exponentially.

Variable speed air compressors are ideal for plants that have fluctuating demand.

Some examples of this demand include Single shift seasonal type businesses that have higher production levels for a couple of months out of the year, or 24/7 operations, that have varying demands between shifts.

Variable Speed Air Compressor Benefits

  • Reduced energy consumption
  • Quieter than a fixed speed when running at a lower RPM
  • Consistent plant pressure increased component lifetime
  • Low inrush current during motor starts
  • May qualify for energy incentives

Single State vs. Two Stage Variable Speed Air Compressors

The main difference between single and two-stage air compressors are the number of compression stages.

Single stage air compressors compress air from atmospheric pressure to operating pressure in one stage.

A two-stage compressor uses two stages to compress the air.

The first-stage compresses the air to around 30 psig after which it is cooled before entering the second stage.

In the second stage, the air is compressed from 30 psig to operating pressure usually around 100 or 125 psig. This allows for the compressor to reach operating pressure more efficient

Example:

  • 100 horsepower single stage delivers 436 CFM @ 125 psig
  • 100 horsepower two-stage delivers 513 CFM @ 125 psig

Variable Speed Compressors at Energy Machinery

At Energy Machinery, we offer 24-hour field service and certified technicians are available with for troubleshooting and repairs, turnkey instructions, and planned maintenance programs.

We are an authorized warranty repair center for Gardner Denver, Champion, and Cooper Cameron compressors.

Take a look at our variable speed air compressors below. If you need help finding the right one for your business, contact us today and a representative will reach out to you quickly!

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Benefits of Oil Free Air Compressors

Energy Machinery, Inc. |

Benefits of Oil Free Air Compressors

Air compressors, like many other types of mechanical equipment, require adequate lubrication to ensure maximum longevity and optimum performance. The piston, in particular, needs to be able to draw and compress air with minimum frictional resistance. In this regard, air compressors are available in two primary configurations: oil vs oil free air compressor systems.

In oil-lubricated compressors, oil is used to reduce the friction between the piston and the walls of the piston chamber. Oil may even be splashed onto the walls and bearings of the cylinder by means of an oil bath. This type of compressor is also referred to as oil-flooded.

On the other hand, oil-free compressors, as their name suggests, do not require lubrication oil. Instead, the piston is pre-lubricated with a Teflon (PTFE) coating. Teflon has one of the lowest coefficients of friction among any solid due to its layered structure, which possesses relatively weak intermolecular bonding forces. These layers easily slide past each other with minimal effort, significantly reducing the friction between the coated elements.

While many compressors in use today are oil-lubricated, oil-free compressors are quickly gaining popularity among various industries. Oil-free compressors are less expensive and capable of achieving the same level of performance as their oil-lubricated counterparts in most applications, making them ideal for myriad industrial purposes.

However in the case of oil vs oil free air compressor machines, which one does your business need?

Oil Vs Oil Free Air Compressor: Which One Is Best for You?

One of the defining features of oil-free compressors is the absence of interaction between the lubricating oil and the compressed air. In oil-lubricated compressors, the air inevitably comes into contact with the oil, introducing a degree of contamination.

Oil droplets, vapors, mist, or liquids can make their way into the output compressed air. This problem is eliminated in oil-free compressors, leading to a better quality compressed air supply. This is especially valuable in applications where air quality is paramount, such as in dentistry or cleanroom compressors.

Oil-free compressors are also significantly lighter than oil-lubricated compressors, making them ideal for commercial applications that require portability, such as tire inflation, jackhammering, medical air supplies, and roadside assistance pneumatic tools.

Oiled compressors, on the other hand, are bulkier, heavier, and often require mounting. This makes them better suited for situations where the equipment does not require frequent relocation.

How to Maintain an Oil-Free Air Compressor

Oil-free compressors are especially renowned for their minimal maintenance requirements. The absence of lubricating oil combined with the self-lubricating nature of the Teflon coating means that the cylinder requires no further lubrication, eliminating the need for scheduled oil changes.

However, oil-free does not translate to maintenance-free. These pumps must still undergo routine maintenance to ensure safe and efficient compressor operation and optimal service life. Oil-free air compressor maintenance usually consists of checking the following components:

Safety valve

When inspecting the compressor safety valve, first ensure that the compressor is plugged in and allowed to reach its shut-off pressure. Next, remove the safety valve ring to release the pressure from the tank and observe the valve. If the air is not discharged, or if the valve does not close automatically, then the valve may need to be replaced.

Compressor tank

Condensation can cause water droplets to build up inside the tank. Ensure that that tank is adequately drained after each use by locating the drain valve and allowing the tank to drain completely.

Air filter

Be sure to inspect the filter for dirt build-up and wear. Depending on the compressor model, the location, and type of filter (paper, felt, or foam) may vary. Paper or felt filters with significant contamination buildup need to be replaced. Foam filters can be cleaned with soap and water and replaced upon drying. All damaged or worn filters should be replaced immediately.

Additionally, an overall inspection of the compressor should be routinely conducted. Inspect various components such as hoses, valves, power cords, fittings, and seals for damage and signs of wear. The tank’s exterior should also be checked for rust damage, pinholes, or other weak spots. It is important to note that damaged tanks should be replaced immediately. Never attempt to weld, drill, or otherwise repair the compressor tank.

At Energy Machinery, we offer a comprehensive range of oil-free compressors for almost any industrial application. If you would like to find out more about our line of oil-free compressor solutions, feel free to view our equipment catalog or request a free quote today.

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What is a Reciprocating Compressor?

Energy Machinery, Inc. |

Evolution Small Reciprocating Compressor 20 hp

Compressors are mechanical devices used to intentionally increase the pressure of a air. They work by “squeezing” the air into a smaller volume, thereby causing a buildup of stored potential energy to be used when needed. Although there are many types of compressors, most of them generally fall under two classifications: dynamic and positive displacement.

Reciprocating compressors belong to the category of positive displacement compressors. These type of compressors operate by drawing fluid into a fixed-volume chamber via a mechanical component which physically displaces the air. Other types of positive displacement compressors include rolling piston, rotary screw, rotary vane, and diaphragm compressors.

Reciprocating Air Compressors

Reciprocating air compressors consist of a piston driven by a crankshaft enclosed within a cylinder. The typical reciprocating air compressor is also comprised of suction and discharge valves.

Compression is accomplished via a cycle of operations. First, the piston receives power from the main shaft via a rotating crankshaft. During the piston’s suction stroke, the volume within the cylinder increases while its pressure decreases. This allows the relatively higher pressure external air to open the inlet and enter the cylindrical chamber.

On the piston’s compression stroke, the volume within the cylinder decreases, raising the pressure of the collected air. This increase in pressure opens the outlet valve, causing compressed high-pressure air to flow out of the cylinder into a storage tank.

Reciprocating air compressors differ from other types of compressing mechanisms in that the flow is highly controlled. The volumetric flow rate is simply the volume of the cylindrical chamber multiplied by the piston stroke rate. In other words, the throughput of a reciprocating compressor is solely dependent on the displacement mechanism (the piston, shaft, and crankshaft). This characteristic is extremely beneficial from an automation and control standpoint.

Common Questions About Reciprocating Compressors

Can a reciprocating compressor run backward?

Generally, if the direction of a reciprocating compressor is reversed, there will be no adverse effect on the compressibility factor and air discharge/suction capacity. Lubrication, however, may become an issue. For splash-lubricated pumps, positive pressure will simply be generated at the inlet filter while a vacuum will be created at the discharge.

Can you replace a reciprocating compressor with a scroll?

A scroll compressor, also known as a scroll pump, uses two interweaving spiral-shaped vanes to compress and pressurize fluids. One scroll remains fixed, while the other orbits within it in an eccentric manner, trapping and compressing pockets of fluid between the scrolls. Generally, scroll and reciprocating compressors are interchangeable. However, specific tubing, mounting, and other modifications will need to be done by a professional.

Which compressor is better? Rotary or reciprocating?

In terms of compression efficiency, reciprocating compressors are marginally more efficient than rotary compressors. For the same amount of air, a reciprocating pump can use 5% to 10% less energy than its rotary counterpart. On the downside, reciprocating pumps can be more expensive and require more maintenance.

Reciprocating Compressors from Energy Machinery

Reciprocating compressors are simple, yet highly efficient devices. They can be found in several industries, including manufacturing, food production, agriculture, pharmaceutical, and construction.

At Energy Machinery, we provide a wide variety of reciprocating compressors for a broad range of applications. If you would like to learn more about our compressor equipment, request a quote from us today!

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